National Asthma & Allergy Awareness Month

What is asthma?

Asthma is a chronic disease that affects the airways in the lungs. During an asthma attack, airways become inflamed, making it hard to breathe.

Asthma attacks can be mild, moderate, or serious — and even life threatening.

Symptoms of an asthma attack include:

Coughing

Shortness of breath or trouble breathing

•Wheezing

•Tightness or pain in the chest

We don’t know for sure what causes asthma, but we do know that attacks are sometimes triggered by:

Allergens (like pollen, animal dander, dust mites, etc.)

•Exercise

Occupational hazards

Tobacco smoke

Air pollution

Airway infections

There’s no cure for asthma. People with asthma can manage their disease with medical care and prevent attacks by avoiding triggers.

What makes a person more likely to have asthma?

Gender:

Women are more likely to have asthma than men.

In children, boys are more likely to have asthma than girls.

Age:

Adults ages 18 to 24 are more likely to have asthma than older adults.

Behavioural risk factors:

Smokers are more likely to have asthma than non-smokers.

•Obese adults are most likely to have asthma.

How Is Asthma Treated?

  • You can control your asthma and avoid an attack by taking your medicine exactly as your health-care provider tells you to.
  • The important thing to remember is that you can control your asthma. With your health-care provider’s help, make your own asthma management plan so that you know what to do based on your own symptoms.

Healthy Lifestyles,

Healthy Communities

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