What is asthma?
Asthma is a chronic disease that affects the airways in the lungs. During
an asthma attack, airways become inflamed, making it hard to breathe.
Asthma attacks can be mild, moderate, or serious — and even life
Symptoms of an asthma attack include:
•Shortness of breath or trouble breathing
•Tightness or pain in the chest
We don’t know for sure what causes asthma, but we do know that attacks
are sometimes triggered by:
•Allergens (like pollen, animal dander, dust mites, etc.)
There’s no cure for asthma. People with asthma can manage their disease
with medical care and prevent attacks by avoiding triggers.
What makes a person more likely to have asthma?
•Women are more likely to have asthma than men.
•In children, boys are more likely to have asthma than girls.
•Adults ages 18 to 24 are more likely to have asthma than older adults.
Behavioural risk factors:
•Smokers are more likely to have asthma than non-smokers.
•Obese adults are most likely to have asthma.
How Is Asthma Treated?
- You can control your asthma and avoid an attack by taking your medicine
exactly as your health-care provider tells you to.
- The important thing to remember is that you can control your asthma. With
your health-care provider’s help, make your own asthma management
plan so that you know what to do based on your own symptoms.